A report on the impact of climate change in the Arctic showed that the number of reindeer fell from nearly 5 million to approximately 2.1 million. This report was released at the American Geophysical Research Union (American Geophysical Research Union) meeting. The report reveals why changes in climate and vegetation have made the Arctic tundra region no longer suitable for reindeer habitation.
According to the data of scientists, the condition of these deer herds is very bad. According to the Arctic Report, some deer herds have shrunk by more than 90%.
Reindeer declines sharply in the Arctic, WHY?
There are several reasons. Howard Epstein, an environmental scientist at the University of Virginia, is one of the scientists participating in the Arctic Report. He told the BBC that the warming of the Arctic showed no signs of abating.
"Due to climate warming, we have seen an increase in drought in some areas, and the warming itself has caused changes in vegetation," he said.
The Arctic tundra is turning green, but it’s not good news for the reindeer
The lichen that reindeer likes to eat grows on the ground. "Climate warming means that other taller vegetation will grow and lichen will be eliminated."
Another serious problem is the number of insects. "A warmer climate means that there will be more insects in the Arctic," he said. "It's good for humans, but it's bad for reindeer."
"If the weather is warm, the insects will feel sultry, and the reindeer will either drive the insects away or find a place where they can hide from them. It will take a lot of energy."
Rainfall is also an important issue. Rainfall in the Arctic has increased, and it often falls on snow, forming a solid layer of ice on the tundra, and animals cannot access food.
What can we do?
Scientists say that we have opened the door to the "world refrigerator", and there is more and more evidence that the warming of the Arctic will continue.
On a global scale, to control this situation, carbon emissions should be reduced and the temperature rise should be controlled.
How to reduce carbon emissions?
· Reduce the use of air conditioners or heaters
· Turn off the faucet when brushing your teeth
· Remember to turn off the lights and electrical appliances when not in use
· When driving, try to slow down to avoid unnecessary acceleration and deceleration
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