According to the Cambridge Dictionary, biodegradable is the ability to decay naturally and in a way that is not harmful to the environment.
A Simple Definition Of What Biodegradable Means
“Biodegradable” refers to the ability of things to get disintegrated (decomposed) by the action of micro-organisms such as bacteria or fungi biological (with or without oxygen) while getting assimilated into the natural environment. There’s no ecological harm during the process. We can either speak of biodegradable solids (also called compostable) or liquids that biodegrade into water.
For example, when a plant-based product might break down into carbon dioxide, water, and other naturally occurring minerals, the substance seamlessly mixes back into the earth, leaving no toxins behind.
What Encompasses Biodegradable Waste?
The European Commission considers bio-waste to encompass biodegradable garden and park waste, food and kitchen waste from households, restaurants, caterers and retail premises, and comparable waste from food processing plants. It does not include forestry or agricultural residues, manure, sewage sludge, or other biodegradable waste such as natural textiles, paper or processed wood. It also excludes those by-products of food production that never become waste.
The Environmental Impacts Of Biodegradable Waste
Waste decomposing in landfills produces harmful methane, a gas that’s 100-120 times more powerful than carbon dioxide at the time of emission. That’s why reducing municipalities’ biodegradable waste is important.
Criteria For Biodegradability
One of the most recognized standards regarding biodegradability is the European EN 13432. According to NaturePlast’s literature review of standards on this subject, for something to be considered biodegradable it needs to:
1) Have a minimum volatile rate of 50%;
2) Be able to fragment at least 10% of its initial weight above a 2mm sieve after 12 weeks after being first composted;
3) Get at least 90% biodegraded (compared to the maximum disintegration of a reference substance) in no more than 6 months;
4) Also, according to OCDE 208, when it comes to toxicity, the resulting compost needs to perform at least 90% compared to the corresponding reference compost.
In terms of environmental benefits, the best biodegradable material will break down quickly rather than taking years. It leaves nothing harmful behind and saves landfill space.
What Materials Are Biodegradable?
Some items are obviously biodegradable. Examples include food scraps and wood that hasn't been treated with chemicals to resist bugs and rot. Many other items, such as paper, also biodegrade relatively easily. Some products will biodegrade eventually, but it may take years. This includes steel products, which eventually will rust through and disintegrate, and some plastics.
However, conditions are important to encourage biodegradability. Products that will biodegrade in nature or in home compost heaps may not biodegrade in landfills, where there's not enough bacteria, light, and water to move the process along.
Biodegradable ≠ Compostable
Many organic companies use biodegradable packaging for products or produce organic biodegradable products, but the items may not be as biodegradable as customers think. To make matters more confusing, many items are labeled as "compostable."
Compostable products are all biodegradable, but they are specifically intended for a composting environment. In the right setting, these products break down even more quickly, usually within 90 days, and they leave behind a nutrient-rich organic material called humus, which creates a healthy soil environment for new plant growth.
ECO BOOM 100%bamboo fiber baby diaper
We use 100% bamboo nonwoven natural materials to make a baby diaper that is biodegradable in just 75 days. Combined with naturally biodegradable side elastic ECO BOOM diapers, pants and childrens wipes are durable,absorbent and are the world's most sustainable children's products.
. SGS certified 70.1% biodegradability rate of 147 days (without polybag).
. Bamboo used on both topsheet and backsheet to reduce plastic waste by 30%.
. No chlorine elements used during production.
. Outer polybag and carton box are fully biodegradable.
. Only use FSC certified pulp and tissue for sustainable development.
❤Our motive of creating "ECO BOOM"❤
We believe a little change for the diaper, a big change for the world.
We firmly believe that baby are the future of the world,in addition to life, the best gift we can give is to provide them a healthier growth environment, a greener planet.
Let us together to protect the baby, protect the earth
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