What is Bamboo Fiber？
Bamboo fiber, is extracted from the natural growth of bamboo cellulose fiber, after cotton, hemp, wool, silk, the fifth largest natural fiber. Bamboo fiber has good air permeability, instant water absorption, strong wear resistance and good dyeing properties. It has natural antibacterial, anti-mite, anti-odor and anti-ultraviolet function.
The main components of Bamboo Fiber
The chemical components of bamboo fiber are mainly cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, all of which belong to high glycan, accounting for more than 90% of the dry mass of the fiber.
Cellulose is the main component of bamboo fibril cells, and is also the significance of its use as a textile fiber. Due to the age of bamboo, its cellulose content is also different, such as bamboo bamboo for 75%, 1 year for 66%, 3 years for 58%. The content of hemicellulose in bamboo fiber is generally 14%~25%, and the average content of bamboo is about 22.7%.
What are the uses of Bamboo Fiber
l Bamboo fiber yarn is used for clothing fabric, mat, bed sheet, curtain, scarf, etc. If it is blended with pva fiber, it can produce light and light clothing fabric.
l Blended with cotton, wool, hemp, silk and chemical fiber, used for weaving or knitting, producing all kinds of woven fabrics and knitted fabrics. Woven fabrics can be used to make curtains, jackets, casual wear, suit suits, shirts, bed sheets and towels, bath towels, etc. Knitted fabric is suitable for making underwear, undershirt, T-shirt, socks, etc.
l Bamboo and cotton blended yarn with bamboo fiber content of less than 30% is more suitable for underwear and socks, and can also be used to make medical care supplies.
l It is also used in paper towel manufacturing. In recent years, healthy and environmentally friendly paper towel with bamboo fiber as the raw material has emerged.
What are the advantages of Bamboo Fiber
①Breathable moisture absorption
In 2000 times were observed under electron microscope, the cross section of bamboo fiber is concave and convex deformation, was full of approximate elliptic pore, capillary effect is extremely strong, can absorb and evaporate the water, in a flash of all the natural fiber, bamboo fiber put wet absorption and permeability is good among the top of the top five fiber, far infrared emission rate is as high as 0.87, greatly superior to the traditional fiber fabric, so in accordance with the characteristics of thermal comfort. At 36°C; When the relative humidity is 100%, the moisture regain rate of bamboo fiber exceeds 45%, and the permeability of bamboo fiber is 3.5 times stronger than that of cotton, which is reputed as "breathable fiber".
At the same time, the bamboo fiber products are fluffy and light, smooth and delicate, soft and light, with a soft feeling like cotton and a smooth feeling like silk. They are soft, close to skin and have good drape, giving people a comfort of zero pressure.
Bamboo fiber products have natural antibacterial, bacteriostatic, bactericidal effects, because bamboo has a unique substance, the substance is named "bamboo quinone", with natural bacteriostatic, anti-mite, anti-odor, anti-insect function. Under the microscope observation, bacteria in cotton, wood and other fiber products can multiply, and bamboo fiber products of bacteria not only can not survive for a long time, but also disappear or reduce in a short time, bacterial death rate within 24 hours of more than 75%.
③Green environmental protection
The extensibility and availability of resources are mainly reflected in the short growth period of bamboo, which can be grown in 2-3 years and can be cultivated for a long time. Bamboo can grow 3 feet tall overnight, and it can be rapidly grown and renewed, which can replace cotton, wood and other resources and can be used sustainably. The products made of bamboo fiber can be naturally degraded in the soil, without any pollution to the environment after decomposition, so it is a natural, green and environment-friendly textile material.
The special ultra-fine pore structure inside the bamboo fiber makes it have strong adsorption ability, which can absorb formaldehyde, benzene, toluene, ammonia and other harmful substances in the air, and eliminate bad odor.
Through the deodorization test of bamboo fiber, the results are as follows:
The initial concentration of ammonia is 40PPM
Time 0 minutes 2 hours later 24 hours later
Ammonia concentration (PPM) 40.0 4.4 0.6
The results showed that the bamboo fiber had good deodorization function because it contained sodium copper chlorophyll.
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